TTIMES WORLD: Health News Report

Saturday, October 20, 2018
Washington, DC, USA


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CHOLERA - Rare Water Borne Disease
How To Treat

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Cholera, caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae, is rare in the United States and other industrialized nations. However, globally, cholera cases have increased steadily since 2005 and the disease still occurs in many places including Africa, Southeast Asia, and Haiti. CDC responds to cholera outbreaks across the world using its Global Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) expertise.

Cholera can be life-threatening but it is easily prevented and treated. Travelers, public health and medical professionals and outbreak responders should be aware of areas with high rates of cholera, know how the disease spreads, and what to do to prevent it.

Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. An estimated 3-5 million cases and over 100,000 deaths occur each year around the world. The infection is often mild or without symptoms, but can sometimes be severe. Approximately one in 10 (5-10%) infected persons will have severe disease characterized by profuse watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In these people, rapid loss of body fluids leads to dehydration and shock. Without treatment, death can occur within hours.

TREATMENT:
•Rehydration therapy, meaning prompt restoration of lost fluids and salts through rehydration therapy is the primary goal of treatment.
•Antibiotic treatment, which reduces fluid requirements and duration of illness, is indicated for severe cases of cholera.
•Zinc treatment has also been shown to help improve cholera symptoms in children.

Hypertension and Blood Pressure Control
Priority on Controlled Pressure

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Blood Pressure Control is Priority
What You Must Do


Controlling blood pressure has to be a priority.

Why is blood pressure control so important to health?

When your blood pressure is high:

You are 4 times more likely to die from a stroke
You are 3 times more likely to die from heart disease
Even blood pressure that is slightly high can put you at greater risk.

Most people with uncontrolled high blood pressure:

Know they have high blood pressure
See your doctor for control monitor
Take prescribed medicine
Each of these is important, but there is much more to do. What’s needed now is for doctors, nurses and their patients to pay regular and frequent attention to controlling blood pressure.

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