TTIMES WORLD: Health News Report

Friday, November 17, 2017
Washington, DC, USA


 

Helping Your Kids Avoid Backpack Injuries
Tips That Can Make A Difference - Dan E. Austin MD

Helping Your Kids Avoid Backpack Injuries
Children carry heavy load of backpack on their shoulders during school years. However, most parents and children are unaware of the potential injury caused by too-heavy packs.
While backpacks are considered the most efficient way to carry books and other items kids need for school, it's important they weigh less than 15 percent of a child's body weight. Children can experience back pain and soreness for carrying heavy bags. These problems can lead to more chronic problems that may require medical treatment.
Our orthopedic specialist in Fairfax, VA offers some advice to reduce the back and shoulder pain that as many as half of all school children experience each year.
• PACK ONLY WHAT IS REALLY NEEDED – Though this step requires few practice and reminders, and this becomes especially important once your child reaches middle school. Keep a check that your child daily carries the books and other items as prescribed in the timetable. Students have multiple textbooks and will be expected to tote them to and from class on a daily basis.
• LIMIT THE WEIGHT TO 15% OF BODY WEIGHT – Some kids decide to carry their entire curriculum books in the backpack. A child weighing 100 pounds should carry no more than 15 pounds. When you consider that the average book weighs 3-5 pounds, by the time your child has a few books, notebooks, and a water bottle, they’ve likely exceeded the safe zone. This is the reason why many schools maintain a daily timetable to reduce the number of books being carried to school each day.
• DISTRIBUTE THE WEIGHT EVENLY – Encourage your child to wear both straps of the backpack across the shoulders as it will minimize stress on the spine and back muscles. If ever it happens that the weight of the backpack exceeds the 15% rule, it is advisable to remove few books from the backpack and carry those in your hands to help more evenly distribute the weight.
• SELECT THE PROPER BACKPACK – You can enhance comfort and safety by purchasing a backpack that has multiple compartments so that the weight gets evenly distributed. Padded straps can also help prevent straps from cutting into shoulders. Newer backpacks with wheels are also an option, provided that the handle extends long enough to allow children to stand upright while pulling it. And at the same time, they should also be sturdy enough so that they do not topple over.
• LIFT PROPERLY & MINIMIZE BACK INJURIES – Whenever you are picking up the backpack and you know that it has ample of weight, make sure to bend at the knees and then lift it onto your shoulders.
Pain and injuries caused by backpack can be avoided. Always encourage your child to pay attention to these issues and take care of them. The backpack is a school supply item that has an important role in your child’s physical health. If you need advice on backpack-related problems or looking for back injury treatment for your child, you can schedule appointment with one of the renowned orthopedic specialists in Fairfax, VA or your local area at HealthCare800.com. An orthopedic specialist is dedicated to the evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of orthopedic diseases, disorders and injuries. They treat children to help minimize back injury or strain so that they can stay focused on learning.

Visit us at Healthcare800.com or send an Email to Editor@TTimesworld.com

Arthritis and Disability
What You Can Do to Improve Life Style

Arthritis Today
Time to Take Action!


Everyone knows someone with arthritis. It is a leading cause of disability, and causes pain, aching, stiffness, and swelling of the joints, but is not a normal part of aging. The most common types are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, and fibromyalgia. Arthritis costs at least $81 billion in direct medical costs annually. Many adults with arthritis are prescribed opioid medicines, yet other options for pain are safer. Physical activity can decrease pain and improve physical function by about 40% and may reduce healthcare costs. Still, 1 in 3 adults with arthritis are inactive. Adults with arthritis also can reduce their symptoms by participating in disease management education programs. Only 1 in 10 have taken part in these programs. Adults with arthritis are significantly more likely to attend an education program when recommended by a provider.

Healthcare providers can:

Urge patients with arthritis to be physically active and to strive for a healthier weight to ease joint pain.
Recommend patients attend proven educational programs about managing their condition.
Ask patients about any depression or anxiety, and offer care, treatment, and links to services.
Consult the guidelines of the American College of Rheumatology or other professional organizations for treatment options, including medicines.

American Need More Physical Activities
Less Than Half Get The Needed Physical Activities

Americans need more physical activity

Less than half of all adults get the recommended amount of physical activity.

Adults need at least 2 and 1/2 hours (150 minutes) a week of aerobic physical activity. This should be at a moderate level, such as a fast-paced walk for no less than 10 minutes at a time.
Women and older adults are not as likely to get the recommended level of weekly physical activity.
Inactive adults have higher risk for early death, heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, depression, and some cancers.
Regular physical activity helps people get and keep a healthy weight.
Walkable communities result in more physical activity.
More people are walking, but just how many depends on where they live, their health, and their age.

The West and Northeast regions have the highest percentage of adults who walk in the country, but the South showed the largest percent increase of adults who walk compared to the other regions.
More adults with arthritis or high blood pressure are now walking, but not those with type 2 diabetes.
Walking increased among adults 65 or older, but less than in other age groups.
People need safe, convenient places to walk.

People are more likely to walk and move about more when they feel protected from traffic and safe from crime and hazards.
Maintaining surfaces can keep people who walk from falling and getting hurt. This also helps wheelchairs and strollers and is safer for people with poor vision.
People need to know where places to walk in their communities exist that are safe and convenient.
Walking routes in and near neighborhoods encourage people to walk to stops for buses, trains, and trolleys.

Facts You Need to Know About Podiatrist
And Patients Treated by the Medical Specialty

PATIENTS TREATED BY PODIATRiSTS

Hugo K. Koch, M.H.A., and Hazel M. Phillips, Division
INTRODUCTION It is based on the findings
of a nationwide survey of podiatrists conducted
by the National Center for Health Statistics
during. The survey
information was collected through a
self-administered questionnaire mailed to all
licensed podiatrists in the United States.

This report on patient characteristics is the
third report to issue from the survey findings.
The first report offered a general demographic
and professional profile ofthe 8,017 podiatrists
in the United States who were active and
inactive in their profession in 197O.r The second
report focused on specific aspects of podiatric
practice reported by the estimated 7,078
podiatrists who were actively engaged in patient
care at the time of the survey.* Highlighting
significant findings from these reports:

‘National Center for Health Statistics: Podiatry manpower:
A general profile, Vital and Health Statistics, Series 14, No. 10,
DHEW Pub. No. (HR4) 74-1805, Health Resources Administration,
Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office.

*National Center for Health Statistics: Podiatry manpower:
Characteristics of clinical practice, United States, Vital
and Health Statistics, Series 14, No. 11, DHEW Pub. go. (HRA)
74-1806, Health Rqsources Administration, Washington, U.S.
Government Printing Office,
of Health Manpower and Facilities Statistics

1. Of the 8,017 podiatrists estimated to be
active and inactive in their profession at
the time of the 1970 survey, 7,113
(about 89 percent) were ,active; and 904
(about 11 percent) were inactive-3 70 by
reason of retirement and 533 for other
reasons.

2. The national ratio of active podiatrists to’
population was about 3.5 podiatrists per
100,000 population.

3. Podiatrists were unevenly distributed
throughout the Nation. They tended to
concentrate in areas of the greatest
population density. Five States (New
York, California, Pennsylvania, IIhnois,
and Ohio) accounted for more than half
(3,836) of the total number of active
podiatrists. Of the four’ census regions
(Northeast, South, West, and North
Central), the Northeast had the highest
concentration of active podiatrists (6.1
podiatrists per 100,000 population); the
South had the lowest (1.6 per 100,000).

4. About 96 percent of alI active podiatrists
were male. The median age of all active
podiatrists was about 51 years; and the
median number of years active in
podiatry was about 21.

5. About 69 percent held active licenses in
only’ one State.
6. More than 99 percent of all active
podiatrists (7,078) engaged to some
extent in the direct care of podiatric
patients. About 3.5 percent devoted
some time to teaching in colleges of
podiatry; about 7 percent engaged to
some degree in podiatric research; and
about 11 percent were at least partially
active in administrative duties other than
those connected with the care of patients

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