TTIMES WORLD: Health News Report

Friday, November 17, 2017
Washington, DC, USA


 

Breast Cancer in Young Women
What You Can Do To Lower Your Risk

What Can I Do to Lower My Risk?

It is important that you—
•Know how your breasts normally look and feel. If you notice a change in the size or shape of your breast, feel pain in your breast, have nipple discharge other than breast milk (including blood), or other symptoms, talk to a doctor right away.
•Make healthy choices. Keeping a healthy weight, getting enough physical activity and sleep, and breastfeeding your babies can help lower your overall risk. If you are taking, or have been told to take, hormone replacement therapy or oral contraceptives (birth control pills), ask your doctor about the risks.
•Talk to your doctor about your risk. If your risk is high, your doctor may talk to you about getting mammograms earlier and more often than other women, whether other screening tests might be right for you, and medicines or surgeries that can lower your risk. Your doctor may also suggest that you get genetic counseling to determine if you should be tested for changes in your BRCA1, BRCA2, and other genes related to breast cancer

A Study on the Prevalence of Cerebral Palsy
And Intellectual Disability Among Children

Prevalence of cerebral palsy and intellectual disability among children identified in two U.S. National Surveys,

Maenner MJ1, Blumberg SJ2, Kogan MD3, Christensen D4, Yeargin-Allsopp M4, Schieve LA4.

PURPOSE:

Cerebral palsy (CP) and intellectual disability (ID) are developmental disabilities that result in considerable functional limitations. There are few recent and nationally representative prevalence estimates of CP and ID in the United States.

METHODS:

We used two U.S. nationally representative surveys, the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) and the 2011-2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), to determine the prevalence of CP and ID based on parent report among children aged 2-17 years.

RESULTS:

CP prevalence was 2.6 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.1-3.2) per 1000 in the NSCH and 2.9 (95% CI: 2.3-3.7) in the NHIS. ID prevalence was 12.2 (95% CI: 10.7-13.9) and 12.1 (95% CI: 10.8-13.7) in NSCH and NHIS, respectively. For both conditions, the NSCH and NHIS prevalence estimates were similar to each other for nearly all sociodemographic subgroups examined.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite using different modes of data collection, the two surveys produced similar and plausible estimates of CP and ID and offer opportunities to better understand the needs and situations of children with these conditions.

Childhood Obesity Problem
A Complex Issue - See What You Can Do

Childhood Obesity Causes & Consequences

Childhood obesity is a complex health issue. It occurs when a child is well above the normal or healthy weight for his or her age and height. The causes of excess weight gain in young people are similar to those in adults, including factors such as a person’s behavior and genetics.

Our nation’s overall increase in obesity also is influenced by a person’s community. Where people live can affect their ability to make healthy choices.

Behavior

Behaviors that influence excess weight gain include eating high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages, not getting enough physical activity, sedentary activities such as watching television or other screen devices, medication use, and sleep routines.

In contrast, consuming a healthy diet and being physically active can help children grow as well as maintain a healthy weight throughout childhood. Balancing energy or calories consumed from foods and beverages with the calories burned through activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain. In addition, eating healthy and being physically active also has other health benefits and helps to prevent chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cancer, and heart disease.

Use these resources to eat well and be active!

A healthy diet follows the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans that emphasizes eating a variety of vegetables and fruits, whole grains, a variety of lean protein foods, and low-fat and fat-free dairy products. It also limits eating foods and beverages with added sugars, solid fats, or sodium. The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans recommends children aged 6 years or older do at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day.

Community Environment
It can be difficult for children and parents to make healthy food choices and get enough physical activity when they are exposed to environments that do not support healthy habits. Places such as child care centers, schools, or communities can affect diet and activity through the foods and drinks they offer and the opportunities for physical activity they provide. Other community factors that affect diet and physical activity include the affordability of healthy food options, peer and social supports, marketing and promotion, and policies that determine how a community is designed.

Consequences of Obesity

More Immediate Health Risks
•Obesity during childhood can have a harmful effect on the body in a variety of ways. Children who have obesity are more likely to have(1-7) ◦High blood pressure and high cholesterol, which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD).
◦Increased risk of impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes.
◦Breathing problems, such as asthma and sleep apnea.
◦Joint problems and musculoskeletal discomfort.
◦Fatty liver disease, gallstones, and gastro-esophageal reflux (i.e., heartburn).

A family eating a healthy meal outdoors
•Childhood obesity is also related to8-10:
◦Psychological problems such as anxiety and depression.
◦Low self-esteem and lower self-reported quality of life.
◦Social problems such as bullying and stigma.


Future Health Risks
•Children who have obesity are more likely to become adults with obesity.11 Adult obesity is associated with increased risk of a number of serious health conditions including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer.12
•If children have obesity, their obesity and disease risk factors in adulthood are likely to be more severe.13

Ohio Boy Had Leg Amputated - Wait Til You Hear Why
For a Strep Throat Infection ?

Physicians at Akron (Ohio) Children's Hospital were forced to amputate the leg of a six-year-old girl suffering from a rare complication linked to strep throat, according to a report from NBC4.

After Matt Puma, the girl's father, was diagnosed with strep throat in early March, the girl and the rest of the family were tested for the infection. Six-year-old Tessa Puma tested positive for strep throat though she had not displayed any symptoms. She was treated with a 10-day regimen of antibiotics.

Then, on March 25, she began exhibiting flu-like symptoms. On March 29, she was was diagnosed with influenza A after being taken to the emergency room at Twinsburg Cleveland Clinic, according to the Akron Beacon Journal. Two days later, the girl experienced severe pain and swelling in her left leg. Her parents then took her to Akron Children's Hospital. After an MRI, the six-year-old girl was diagnosed with necrotizing fasciitis, commonly referred to as flesh-eating bacteria.

Necrotizing fasciitis can occur when Streptococcus bacteria, which typically affects the throat and tonsils, migrates into the bloodstream. Physicians believe this is how the girl developed Necrotizing fasciitis. Her leg was amputated from the knee down to protect her from the condition.

In March, reports surfaced of a Michigan man requiring partial amputations of his left hand and both feet due to complications related to strep throat.

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