TTIMES WORLD: Health News Report

Friday, November 17, 2017
Washington, DC, USA


 

Arthritis and Disability
What You Can Do to Improve Life Style

Arthritis Today
Time to Take Action!


Everyone knows someone with arthritis. It is a leading cause of disability, and causes pain, aching, stiffness, and swelling of the joints, but is not a normal part of aging. The most common types are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, and fibromyalgia. Arthritis costs at least $81 billion in direct medical costs annually. Many adults with arthritis are prescribed opioid medicines, yet other options for pain are safer. Physical activity can decrease pain and improve physical function by about 40% and may reduce healthcare costs. Still, 1 in 3 adults with arthritis are inactive. Adults with arthritis also can reduce their symptoms by participating in disease management education programs. Only 1 in 10 have taken part in these programs. Adults with arthritis are significantly more likely to attend an education program when recommended by a provider.

Healthcare providers can:

Urge patients with arthritis to be physically active and to strive for a healthier weight to ease joint pain.
Recommend patients attend proven educational programs about managing their condition.
Ask patients about any depression or anxiety, and offer care, treatment, and links to services.
Consult the guidelines of the American College of Rheumatology or other professional organizations for treatment options, including medicines.

American Need More Physical Activities
Less Than Half Get The Needed Physical Activities

Americans need more physical activity

Less than half of all adults get the recommended amount of physical activity.

Adults need at least 2 and 1/2 hours (150 minutes) a week of aerobic physical activity. This should be at a moderate level, such as a fast-paced walk for no less than 10 minutes at a time.
Women and older adults are not as likely to get the recommended level of weekly physical activity.
Inactive adults have higher risk for early death, heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, depression, and some cancers.
Regular physical activity helps people get and keep a healthy weight.
Walkable communities result in more physical activity.
More people are walking, but just how many depends on where they live, their health, and their age.

The West and Northeast regions have the highest percentage of adults who walk in the country, but the South showed the largest percent increase of adults who walk compared to the other regions.
More adults with arthritis or high blood pressure are now walking, but not those with type 2 diabetes.
Walking increased among adults 65 or older, but less than in other age groups.
People need safe, convenient places to walk.

People are more likely to walk and move about more when they feel protected from traffic and safe from crime and hazards.
Maintaining surfaces can keep people who walk from falling and getting hurt. This also helps wheelchairs and strollers and is safer for people with poor vision.
People need to know where places to walk in their communities exist that are safe and convenient.
Walking routes in and near neighborhoods encourage people to walk to stops for buses, trains, and trolleys.

Facts You Need to Know About Podiatrist
And Patients Treated by the Medical Specialty

PATIENTS TREATED BY PODIATRiSTS

Hugo K. Koch, M.H.A., and Hazel M. Phillips, Division
INTRODUCTION It is based on the findings
of a nationwide survey of podiatrists conducted
by the National Center for Health Statistics
during. The survey
information was collected through a
self-administered questionnaire mailed to all
licensed podiatrists in the United States.

This report on patient characteristics is the
third report to issue from the survey findings.
The first report offered a general demographic
and professional profile ofthe 8,017 podiatrists
in the United States who were active and
inactive in their profession in 197O.r The second
report focused on specific aspects of podiatric
practice reported by the estimated 7,078
podiatrists who were actively engaged in patient
care at the time of the survey.* Highlighting
significant findings from these reports:

‘National Center for Health Statistics: Podiatry manpower:
A general profile, Vital and Health Statistics, Series 14, No. 10,
DHEW Pub. No. (HR4) 74-1805, Health Resources Administration,
Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office.

*National Center for Health Statistics: Podiatry manpower:
Characteristics of clinical practice, United States, Vital
and Health Statistics, Series 14, No. 11, DHEW Pub. go. (HRA)
74-1806, Health Rqsources Administration, Washington, U.S.
Government Printing Office,
of Health Manpower and Facilities Statistics

1. Of the 8,017 podiatrists estimated to be
active and inactive in their profession at
the time of the 1970 survey, 7,113
(about 89 percent) were ,active; and 904
(about 11 percent) were inactive-3 70 by
reason of retirement and 533 for other
reasons.

2. The national ratio of active podiatrists to’
population was about 3.5 podiatrists per
100,000 population.

3. Podiatrists were unevenly distributed
throughout the Nation. They tended to
concentrate in areas of the greatest
population density. Five States (New
York, California, Pennsylvania, IIhnois,
and Ohio) accounted for more than half
(3,836) of the total number of active
podiatrists. Of the four’ census regions
(Northeast, South, West, and North
Central), the Northeast had the highest
concentration of active podiatrists (6.1
podiatrists per 100,000 population); the
South had the lowest (1.6 per 100,000).

4. About 96 percent of alI active podiatrists
were male. The median age of all active
podiatrists was about 51 years; and the
median number of years active in
podiatry was about 21.

5. About 69 percent held active licenses in
only’ one State.
6. More than 99 percent of all active
podiatrists (7,078) engaged to some
extent in the direct care of podiatric
patients. About 3.5 percent devoted
some time to teaching in colleges of
podiatry; about 7 percent engaged to
some degree in podiatric research; and
about 11 percent were at least partially
active in administrative duties other than
those connected with the care of patients

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